The Relationship between Liver Enzymes Level and Obesity in a Sample of Iraqi Women

  • Reham K. Nasif Shaima R. Ibraheem


Due to its rising tendency in both developed and developing nations, obesity is a global health concern. The relationship between liver enzymes and both overall obesity in the general population has only been examined in a small number of research. This study sought to determine how the activity of serum liver enzymes correlated with overall adiposity in Iraqi women. We collected 138 blood samples from the participants (50 from the control group and 88 from the sick group), and we used established techniques to check the serum levels of ALT, AST, ALP, and albumin. Body mass index (BMI) 27.5 kg/m2 was used to describe general obesity. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to assess the connection between liver enzymes and obesity. Sixty-two percent of those in the overall obesity group had, on average, liver enzyme values that are at least one or more times high. When compared to people with normal BMI, the prevalence of elevated liver enzymes was substantially greater in the obesity group (p 0.05 in all cases). In comparison to the group with normal BMI, the mean levels of serum ALT, AST, ALP, and albumin were substantially higher in the obesity group (p 0.05). Serum Albumin levels also demonstrated a significant connection with both general and severe obesity in regression analysis, as did serum ALT levels. In summary, the patients in the present study had a significant incidence of increased liver enzymes. Serum Albumin, one of the four enzymes, was independently linked to both overall and abdominal obesity. In order to fully comprehend the intricate link, more research is necessary.